V.V.Sadagopan

வி.வி.சடகோபன்

நடிகர், பாடகர், இசை இயக்குநர், இலக்கிய படைப்பாளி, கல்விமான், சொற்பொழிவாளர் மற்றும் இசைப்பேராசிரியர். பல கலைகளில் சாதனை புரிந்த மகாமேதை இவர்.

1917-ஆம் ஆண்டு ஜனவரி 29 அன்று பிறந்தவர் வி.வி.சடகோபன். வீரவநல்லூர் வேதாந்தம் சடகோபன் என்பது முழு பெயர். தனது 22-ஆவது வயதில் திரைப்படத்துறைக்குள் நுழைந்த சடகோபன் அரிதாரம் பூசிக்கொண்டது நான்கே நான்கு படங்களுக்கு மட்டுமே.

1937-ஆம் ஆண்டில் வெளிவந்த ”நவயுகன்” அல்லது “கீதாச்சாரம்” என்ற திரைப்படமே இவரது முதல் திரைப்படம். அதிலும் கதாநாயகன். 1939-ஆம் ஆண்டு ”அதிர்ஷ்டம்” என்ற படமே சடகோபனின் இரண்டாவது திரைப்படம். இதிலும் கதாநாயகன்.

22-ஆவது வயதில் பட்டப்படிப்பை முடித்துவிட்டு மேற்படிப்புக்காக சென்னை மாநகரத்திற்கு வந்தபோதே திரைப்படத்தில் நடிக்கும் வாய்ப்பு சடகோபனுக்குக் கிட்டியது. வெளிநாட்டில் படம் பிடிக்கப்பட்ட [இலண்டன்] தமிழ்ப் படத்தின் முதல் கதாநாயகன் இவர் ஆவார். தமிழ்த் திரையுலகின் முதல் பட்டதாரி நடிகரும் இவரே. அழகான சரீரமும், அழகான சாரீரமும் இயற்கையிலேயே இவருக்கு அமைந்திருந்ததால் குறுகிய காலத்திலேயே மாபெரும் ரசிகர்கள் வட்டத்தை இவருக்கு உருவாக்கியது.

1941-ஆம் ஆண்டு ஜெமினி ஸ்டூடியோஸ் அதிபர் எஸ்.எஸ்.வாசன் முதன் முதலாக தயாரித்த “மதன காமராஜன்” என்ற படத்தின் கதாநாயகனும் இவரே. 1941-ஆம் ஆண்டு பிரபல பாடகியும், நடிகையுமான என்.சி.வசந்தகோகிலம் கதாநாயகியாகவும், சடகோபன் கதாநாயகனாகவும் நடிக்க வெளிவந்த படம் “வேடகானம்”. இந்த நான்கு படங்களுடன் தான் முதன்முதல் கால்பதித்த திரைப்படத்துறை வேண்டாமெனவும் இசை மேடையே தனது எதிர்காலம் எனவும் உட்கார்ந்துவிட்டார் வி.வி.சடகோபன். மதுரை காந்தி கிராமம் இவரை இசை இயக்குநராக நியமித்தது.

http://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/node/222376 வலைத்தளத்திலிருந்து விவரங்கள் திரட்டப்பட்டது.

நன்றி:- Renuka Thuraisingham  மற்றும் திருமலை மூர்த்தி அவர்கள்.

படம் உதவி:- www.sbs.com.au

VV.Sadagopan-Re

 

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6 comments on “V.V.Sadagopan

  1. From The Hindu –

    He came, he achieved … and vanished

    Singer, actor, writer and composer V. V. Sadagopan, whose 91st birthday was celebrated recently, disappeared from the scene all of a sudden in 1980, writes SUJATHA VIJAYARAGHAVAN. Read on to know more about the enigmatic musician …

    Sadagopan… youthful and charismatic
    “HE WAS a star, handsome and charismatic. He was a graduate and an acclaimed Carnatic musician. When I learnt that the producers of the new film were planning to have him as the hero, I knew that I stood no chance of being considered for the role.” The actor who wrote thus in his autobiography in later years was none other than M. G. Ramachandran, the most charismatic film personality this country has ever seen. And the hero described by him is V. V. Sadagopan (VVS).

    Viravanallur Vedantam Sadagopan was born on January 29, 1915, in an orthodox Vaishnavite family and spent his childhood and youth in Tirunelveli. He was a graduate and pursued a parallel vocation in music. He had his musical training under Namakkal Sesha Iyengar and Ariyakkudi Ramanuja Iyengar and became one of the most sought after musicians in the 1930s. At the height of his musical career he entered films and was hailed as Rudolf Valentino of the Indian screen. His films included “Athisayam” and “Madanakamarajan.” It was an era when actors were chosen for their musical skills and good looks, as they had to sing their songs on screen. “Navayuvan,” in which he played the hero, is said to be the first Indian film to have had scenes shot in a foreign location. VVS sailed to London for the purpose and photographs of the hero in a suit were splashed in the press, as part of the publicity for the film.

    Back to the stage

    The introduction of playback singing ended the choice of singing stars and VVS returned to the concert platform in 1943. On his return one of the critics of the day heralded: “Here comes Sadagopan, make way… ” He was a rare combination of a musician and a musicologist and won acclaim in both fields. He was a prolific writer in English and Tamil and a composer in several languages. Apart from articles on music he has written poetry, lyrics and even a number of stories in Tamil, which were published in Ananda Vikatan. He served as the Director for Music Studies at Gandhigram Rural Institute, Madurai. He trained several students , noteworthy among them being Shyamala Balakrishnan, who researched on folk music of Tamil Nadu under his guidance.

    He served two terms as Professor at the University of Delhi and was a member of the Board of Studies in several universities. He was a member of the audition panel of All India Radio and also of the experts committee of the Music Academy, Madras. He travelled all over the country and abroad for his lecture-cum-concerts. Unique compositions

    VVS’s compositions include kritis, keerthanais, ragamaligais, padams, kili kanni and a series of Tirukkural keerthanais, wherein the Kural forms the pallavi and is elaborated in the anupallavi and charanam. As a music composer he has left behind a lasting legacy. The famous, “Gana Mazhai Pozhigindraan,” is from the first volume of Ambujam Krishna’s songs, which he set to music. He was the first to render a whole concert of Kamba Ramayanam verses at the Kamban Vizha at Karaikudi — the music for which were composed by him. He also set to music several pasurams of Divya Prabandham. His close friendship with great scholars like Mi. Pa. Somasundaram inspired him to delve deep into Tamil literature and set several pieces to music.

    Music education for children became his passion and mission in later years. He called his integrative scheme of music education Tyagabharati, a term he had coined to epitomise the ideals of Tyagaraja and Subrahmanya Bharati. In this he struck an entirely new path, composing nursery rhymes in Tamil and Hindi, set to simple lilting tunes.

    Mellowed into a scholar with a vision
    As a visionary he was far ahead of his time. The children whom he taught songs and dances (“Roja Chedi Oru Rani” and “Paatti nalla paatti” and several others) with joy and abandon on the green lawns of India Gate, New Delhi, lapped them all up. .

    Mysterious exit

    However the elders, comprising his friends and well wishers often stood perplexed, unable to comprehend the new role that this musical giant had donned. On April 10, 1980, he left Delhi by train, for Madras. He was seen alighting at Gudur, the next day. He has not been seen ever since. Rumours of sighting him in Varanasi and the Himalayas and consequent searches have yielded no results.

    The mantle then fell on his devoted disciple Srirama Bharati, a visionary in his own right. The disciple who gave up a doctorate obtained in the U.S., returned to India to learn under the feet of his chosen master, in the hoary Gurukulam tradition. Imbibing the essence of Sadagopan’s ideals, Srirama Bharati gave them a practical and concrete form by way of music education in schools and teaching songs to women and other social groups. He had brought out a volume of Sadagopan’s articles and lectures under the title, “Spirals and Circles.” The Indian Music Journal was revived by him and he translated Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the 4, 000 verses of the Azhwars. Cassettes of pasurams set to music by Srirama Bharati and his master have been released. The nursery rhymes were sung by Sadagopan’s children and grandchildren and were released as a set of two cassettes under the title Tyaga Bharati songs. Srirama Bharati’s sojourn at Melkote gave him the opportunity to learn the tradition of Arayar Sevai, which he performed widely, donning the ornate crown and ankle bells.

    Srirama Bharati accomplished the miraculous when he single-handedly built a temple for Muddu Tirunarayanaswamy at Jalladampet, a marshy no man’s land in the outskirts of Madras. Soon the colony of Sadagopan Nagar came up around the temple. The community was drawn together by music, the temple serving as the focal point.

    Srirama Bharati passed away at a young age. His wife Sowbhagyalakshmi carries on his work with the same fervour and dynamism. On January 29, Sadagopan’s 91st birthday was celebrated at the temple premises. An attractive volume on Sadagopan and a set of CDs of his concerts were released on the occasion. Children of the village rendered Tiruppavai in chorus, a young lad performed the abhinaya of Araiyar Sevai, and a choral group of women led by Sowbhagyalakshmi sang Sadagopan’s compositions. Friends and family members including Ranganayaki Sadagopan, formed part of the gathering. Sadagopan in the form of an icon installed at the temple, presided over the events, and his prime disciple Srirama Bharati, also an icon, stood beside with folded hands.

  2. V V Sadagopan was a multifaceted genious . A graduate researcher, writer and composer, a polymath and an Actor. He was endowed with excellent voice and personality to the envy of others of his time. He worked as Professor of Music with Delhi University. But, slowly entered into mysticism of spirituality and vanished from the mundane world.

    Please listen to his rendering of a song

    The Violinist in the picture of his concert video is Lalgudi Jayaraman.
    https://gkamesh.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/vvs-3.jpg?w=450&h=304
    Thanks to Mr.Brahmanyan,Bangalore

  3. From gkamesh.wordpress.com

    VV Sadagopan – Music Mystic
    India celebrates 150 years of Rabindranath Tagore.

    And I am reminded of another great man – VV Sadagopan, who too was a polymath,and also like Tagore, had a flowing beard, and was aflame with the ‘other’ – radiance “le spirituelle” – a mystic passion and joy that is at the heart of nature and creation…

    I met him for the first time sometime in the mid 1960s. I had accompanied my father to Sri Sadagopan’s house in Delhi. I was maybe 7 years old. And he was singing a small tukda, a bit of a carnatic alapana. And being drawn to music, I just sang that right back, imitating him, and he set his eyes on me, and his face flowered into a most delightful smile. I was inducted there and then. He was at that time in the midst of composing songs for children in Tamil and Hindi – and in me, he found a member for his troupe.

    He started a children’s chorus group, naming it Tyaga Bharati, and I was in it. He used to take us to Children’s Park, New Delhi – in the evenings. We would stand under a tree and sing his songs. When the group began, I was the leader, and so had the privilege of standing in the centre, with the other kids standing in a semi-circle around me. I would lead and they would follow. What joy! The songs were many – “Anand ho”, “Vaathey vaa vaa”, “Maanai Paarthiya”, “Paatti Nalla Paatti” , and the signature tune of the group “Teru Varudu”…

    I vaguely knew that he was a Professor of music in Delhi University, and brought out a magazine called the “Indian Music Journal” (Postman always brought magic those days).. I had no idea that he was a very famous actor in his earlier days… To me, he was a mystic straight out of our mythology – Ramayana or Bharata or Bhagavatam, some person who belonged to the world of Narada and Tumburu. Oh yes, to me he was a Rshi, his eyes always sparkling with divine radiance, his smile displaying complete joy, and his enthusiasm boundless… He was my first Master.

    He was usually dressed in a white jibba-pancakacham, and drove a black (or was it dark blue) Landmaster car. In his jibba pocket were a pair of chaplakattai. And he was always bubbling with music. I remember a day when we were in Pandara Road, he came in, whipped out his chaplakattai and sang his new song Dimikki-dimikki, his face blooming in mischievous joy!

    My stint with the group was during the formative years, maybe a couple of years. He was a family friend and music-mentor for my father, and so we met not infrequently. He graciously accepted to sing a carnatic music concert during my elder sister’s wedding. Below is a picture of that concert…

    Sri Sadagopan is the lead artiste. Lalgudi Jayaraman is accompanying him on the violin. The Mridangam was played by an artiste who was visually impaired. The kid seen behind the mridangam, sitting next to Sri Sadagopan and looking at him, is yours truly… This picture is from1970.

    A decade or so later, I came to know that Sri Sadagopan had disappeared. Gotten off a train and walked away. Never traced.

    Rumors had it that he had renounced all, taken a life of Sanyas… I do not know about that. But this I know. He danced to the tune of a different drummer. And that drummer was God.

    Thanks to Mr.Kamesh

  4. எப்போதும் போல் ஏராளமான விடயங்களைத் தேடி எடுத்திருக்கின்றீர்கள் கணபதி கிருஷ்ணன். மிக்க நன்றி உங்கள் ஒத்துழைப்புக்கும் தேடலுக்கும்.

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